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I have two sentences.

The cars underwent a rapid change from the application of mechanical technology to digital, that currently takes advantage of artificial intelligence. Currently, they have become large.

Can I say: Currently, the ones have become large?

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up vote 3 down vote accepted

No, you can't really say that.

"The ones" would be used in a situation where you are identifying some subset:

  • The ones in the corner
  • the ones with a sign on the windshield
  • the ones that have autopilot
  • the red ones

You need to supply some distinguishing feature that allows us to identify which "ones" you are talking about; if you are talking about all of them, the all-inclusive "they" is appropriate.

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It is grammatically correct to say, "The ones have ..." But in this case, it would result in an unclear sentence. Which ones? "They" has a clear antecedent: "the cars". But "the ones" introduces a new subject and never makes clear what it is referring to. In this case, do you mean "the cars that underwent a rapid change"? The ones that didn't undergo the change? Some subset of the ones that changed? Etc.

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