Take the 2-minute tour ×
English Language Learners Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for speakers of other languages learning English. It's 100% free, no registration required.

The sentence is:

None but the brave _________ the fair.

Where the blank is to filled with deserve or deserves. My understanding is that it should be filled with deserve since the sentence here refers to more than one person i.e. many brave people and not just one, so it's it in the plural form, and hence, we should use deserve. But I am confused as more than half of the children in my class are using deserves.

Also, I checked the internet and found this article using deserves but the free dictionary using deserve.

Can someone please clarify my doubts on this one.

Thanks a lot.

share|improve this question
3  
Depending on how you parse this, it might have nothing to do with "the brave". None (but the brave) deserve the fair. None (save Joe) deserve the fair. None (except for the Addams family) deserve the fair. I wonder if "deserve" needs to fit with "none", not "the brave." Think about if it had been worded like this: None deserve the fair, except the brave. (Or: No one deserves the fair, except the brave.) No wonder there is so much confusion on this one. –  J.R. Apr 10 at 14:38
    
@J.R. Wow! That's a nice explanation. It really clarified my doubts. Could you please put it as an answer (448 chars is really an answer ;) ) ? –  Gaurang Tandon Apr 10 at 14:43
2  
You might be interested in these as well: 1, 2, 3. –  Tyler James Young Apr 10 at 14:53
    
@TylerJamesYoung Thanks for the links ! Looks like I seriously need to learn some grammar, those prototypical and archetypal things are going over my head :) –  Gaurang Tandon Apr 10 at 14:57
    
@GaurangTandon "Archetypal" and "prototypical" aren't actually grammar-specific words. If anything, "archetype" has to do with literary analysis or possibly sociology, but they're fairly common words. –  Kyle Strand Apr 10 at 20:54

4 Answers 4

up vote 9 down vote accepted

As J.R. says, singular or plural deserve will work equally well. The bare sentence may be parsed as either:

Only brave men deserve fair women.
Only a brave man deserves a fair woman.

There is, however, an overriding consideration. This line is a quotation from a poem by John Dryden, Alexander's Feast; or, the Power of Music.

'Twas at the royal feast for Persia won
    By Philip's warlike son—
  Aloft in awful state
  The godlike hero sate
    On his imperial throne;
  His valiant peers were placed around,
Their brows with roses and with myrtles bound
  (So should desert in arms be crown'd);
The lovely Thais by his side
Sate like a blooming Eastern bride
In flower of youth and beauty's pride:—
  Happy, happy, happy pair!
    None but the brave
    None but the brave
  None but the brave deserves the fair!

Dryden wrote it singular, with ‘the brave’ referring specifically to Alexander and ‘the fair’ referring specifically to Thais.

ADDED:
In present-day English we no longer use the ADJECTIVE to refer to a single person except in epithets (e.g. Alexander the Great), only for classes of people. The singular therefore sounds odd to anyone who does not know the source of the line—which is probably 99% of the people who use it.

share|improve this answer
    
So basically, I can use any of both, but which form is more preferred, sort of, in general use ? –  Gaurang Tandon Apr 10 at 15:03
3  
@GuarangTandon You may use either, but deference to the poet suggests you should use the line as he wrote it. If you use the plural a hearer may chide you for misquoting. –  StoneyB Apr 10 at 15:05
    
Well, I didn't know that the line has been taken exactly from this poem. But as he wishes, I should use deserves. Thanks both J.R. and StoneyB ! Help appreciated ! (Though I still believe most of the students had guessed the answer, or based it on incorrect assumptions, for they must not have ever heard of this poem :) ) –  Gaurang Tandon Apr 10 at 15:08
2  
@GaurangTandon You are now in the happy position of being able to correct anyone who misquotes the poem, which will earn you a reputation for great erudition! –  StoneyB Apr 10 at 15:11
    
All credits to you people ! :D –  Gaurang Tandon Apr 10 at 15:12

The verb doesn't need to agree with the noun "the brave", it needs to agree with the noun phrase "none but the brave". Consider:

None including the brave ____ the fair

The construction is the same and the requirement for singular/plural is the same, but now it is more clear that the subject of the verb is not "the brave".

I think this reduces the question to the (well-known) issue whether "none" takes a singular or plural verb. The answer is that in common usage it can take either, some people are more pedantic than others about cases where it "must" take one in particular, and monographs on the subject are readily available via your favourite search engine.

Furthermore, "the brave" could be used to mean the plurality of all brave people, or (more rarely) a single brave person. Therefore "The brave deserve the fair" and "The brave deserves the fair" could both be correct.

Mind you, the latter to me sounds like it's talking about a Native American warrior rather than an imagined brave person. But as in the source of the quotation, if you introduce a particular brave person into consideration then you can (at risk of sounding very lofty) refer to that person as "the brave".

share|improve this answer

“None” is the subject of the sentence, and “none” is historically singular as it is the negation of “one,” which means that it requires the singular verb “deserves,” or so I learn in my high school English class.

However, I've seen so many examples of a plural verb being used with “none” in contemporary writing that doing so seems likely to be deemed grammatically correct in all but the most formal settings. Because using a plural verb does not introduce any ambiguity into the sentence, I don't regard the shift in usage as a degeneration of the English language; that's just how language evolves over time.

share|improve this answer
    
I was taught that rule too, but I don't think it holds up on closer inspection; in particular, apparently this isn't so much a shift as simply the way things have always been. grammarmudge.cityslide.com/articles/article/1026513/9903.htm –  Kyle Strand Apr 10 at 20:53

It should takes singular verb that is 'deserves' as the subject is 'None' as well as 'the brave' implies 'the brave one' and not 'the brave people' therefore in any case the verb is singular.

share|improve this answer

Your Answer

 
discard

By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.