According to this passage, this creature can be found where?
This is grammatically acceptable/correct. It is common and acceptable for certain types of quiz questions to end with a wh-word (where, who, when, etc.).
English questions are often formed with a wh-word (who, what, when, where, etc.). The wh-word -- or more generally, the wh-phrase -- is occasionally found at the end of the sentence (just as in the OP example, above). However, the wh-phrase is usually "moved" to the beginning of the sentence, which is called "wh-fronting", also known as wh-movement:
- This creature can be found where? (Ok in certain quiz and other question types.)
- Where can this creature be found? (Usually questions are formed by wh-movement to the beginning of the sentence.)
What is wh-movement?
When the wh-word is in the same location as it's corresponding declarative sentence, this is called "wh in situ" (aka "canonical position" aka "canonical theta position"). The following shows the relationship between the declarative sentence, wh in-situ, and wh-movement via a series of transformations:
Example #1: Declarative, wh-in-situ, and wh-movement.
You have a dog. (1. Declarative statement.)
You have a dog? (2. Declarative yes/no question.)
You have a what? 3. Canonical wh-word position, aka wh in-situ.)
What do you have? (4. Typical wh-movement of wh-word to the front.)
Example 2: Declarative, wh-in-situ, and wh-movement.
Your dog is in the yard. (1. Declarative statement.)
Your dog is in the yard? (2. Declarative yes/no question.)
Your dog is where? (3. Canonical wh-word position, aka wh in-situ.)
Where is your dog? (4. Wh-movement)
Exceptions to wh-movement (aka wh in-situ).
Example 3: Surprise.
"Hi mom. I thought I'd give you a call to tell you I love you."
"Oh that's so sweet darling!"
"And to let you know I cut off all my hair."
"You did WHAT!?"
Example 4: Two wh-words constrains wh-movement.
Wife: "Darling, where did you put the mrphmnm?"
Husband: "Where did I put the what?"
Example 5: An echo question; wh-in-situ parallels a declarative sentence and identifies the word-in-question.
"I took your mrphmm."
"You took my what?"
And to finally answer your question, wh in situ will also be found in certain types of quiz questions! One scenario is when the author is asking for a very specific answer, exactly like the OP's question. Here are a couple of additional references:
Thanks for asking a great question! Let us know if this helps!