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Is it possible to come up with a context for this sentence. "Is it a Monday today?"

I know it is usually "Is it Monday today?" but I also know that articles can be used with the days of the week. So, is that sentence possible and in what situation?

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Interesting question. Maybe one thing to consider is that the names for the days of the week are considered proper nouns in English. (question 1, question 2). Words that mainly serve as proper nouns usually don't take articles, but sometimes they do. Related: Is Peter's party on a Sunday? – CowperKettle Jan 18 at 1:50
    

We say "a Monday" (or whatever day of the week) when we want to say that the event in question will occur on an unspecified Monday.

For example, if you said, "The next meeting of the Zetetic Society will be on Monday", that would normally be understood to mean the next, upcoming Monday. If today is Friday, that would mean three days from now. But if you said, "The next meeting will on a Monday" -- with the "a" -- that means that it will occur on Monday, but not necessarily the next Monday or any other particular Monday. Just that the day it happens will be a Monday.

Point of clarification: "The meeting will be on Monday" USUALLY means next Monday, but it could mean some other Monday if the context makes that clear. Like, "The preliminary meeting will be on June 15. Let's see, that will be a Friday. So then the full meeting will be on Monday." Presumably here "Monday" means "the Monday following Friday, June 15."

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You will hear people refer to future days with an article. The common sayings are along the lines of:

  • We will be leaving on a Monday.
  • School starts on a Thursday this year.
  • Not this Saturday, but the Saturday after next.

In conversational settings, days of the week are generally used in the plural. Examples:

  • We get together on Tuesdays.
  • I am having a case of the Mondays today.
  • On Sundays I lounge around and watch football.

Of course as the sentences become more complex, both examples can come into play:

Bill's Friday is actually on a Tuesday because he has Wednesdays and Thursdays off.

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1  
What does it mean: "I am having a case of the Mondays today." – user1425 Jan 17 at 22:49
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"Having a bad day." Monday is typically the first day of the work week. Some people have a hard time transitioning from their personal lives to their professional lives. This hangover leads to mistakes and bad moods. – lurker Jan 17 at 22:53
    
Not just future days: "His birthday was on a Monday." – Luke Jan 18 at 5:23
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"Yesterday was a public holiday here, so today is a physical Tuesday but a logical Monday." – nekomatic Jan 18 at 9:11

What's usual for me is Is today Monday? The sentence with the indefinite article is grammatical, but would differ little in practical meaning.

Consider a zoo whose entrance fee is free on Mondays. You call and order tickets and are informed of the free day. You could say 'Is today (or tomorrow, etc) a Monday?' Or something like 'Is that day a Monday, by any chance?'

One sentence that sounds idiomatic is the ellided response on a Monday

to

What day does Christmas fall on this year?

(Christmas falls on a Monday this year.)

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1  
Maybe there's a difference in meaning, with "Is today Monday?" being an instance of 'non-referring' use of "Monday" (as if 'Monday' were an adjective) and "Is Monday today?", a 'referring' use (referring to the closest Monday). – CowperKettle Jan 18 at 2:09

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