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Please explain me. I tried the dictionaries but they do not help.

For example ODO gives the following for revenge:

  1. Inflict hurt or harm on someone for an injury or wrong done to oneself:- I’ll be revenged on the whole pack of you

1.1 [WITH OBJECT] Inflict revenge on behalf of (someone else): - it’s a pity he chose that way to revenge his sister

1.2 Inflict retribution for (a wrong or injury done to oneself or another): - her brother was slain, and she revenged his death

... and it gives this for avenge:

1 Inflict harm in return for (an injury or wrong done to oneself or another):- he vowed in silent fervour to avenge their murders

1.1 Inflict harm in return for an injury or wrong on behalf of (oneself or another): - we must avenge our dead - they avenged themselves on the interlopers

As you can see these two sets of definitions seem interchangable.

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At times, little beyond dictionaries help. In fact, simply typing the same question on Google gives great answer like this‌​, this and this! – Maulik V Jan 22 at 11:34
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@MaulikV I don't think it's appropriate to close a question on here because of an answer on EL&U. Importantly the answers there aren't very good especially for language learners. The plain fact of the matter is that we don't use the verb revenge very much in modern English. We generally use revenge as a noun and avenge as a verb. – Araucaria Jan 22 at 13:19
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@Araucaria It is gen ref. I would have done the same thing. The OP should include some research, too especially when (s)he is not new. – Rathony Jan 22 at 13:44
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@Araucaria The Oxford learner's dictionary explains the difference if you look up avenge Also, learner's dictionaries almost universally define avenge as a verb and revenge as a noun. – ColleenV Jan 22 at 14:02
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@Araucaria Nice edit +1). How can we explain the difference when the OP doesn't understand it using a dictionary? Let me think about it. – Rathony Jan 22 at 14:02
up vote 3 down vote accepted

Avenge is when you 'feel' that you are going to inflict hurt or harm on someone because to you that person was the one who caused harm to you (or someone / something close to you) first in a highly wrong and unprovoked manner, thereby 'settling' the score, to get 'even', to get justice done.

Revenge is the same reaction but can be thought of as just to inflict hurt or harm, because you feel angered, but there is hardly any evidence who is in the 'right'.

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People avenge a (perceived) wrong. To avenge oneself has connotations of justice meted out, at least in the eyes of the avenger. In honor-based societies, to avenge oneself or to avenge something or other is a respected form of redress. In modern societies with judicial systems, the ideas associated with the act of avenging oneself are rather anachronistic. It usually involves a killing.

Revenge on the other hand is often about something petty, without regard for any honor-based or justice-based principle. It can take petty forms, far less drastic than homicide, such as butting in line or not inviting someone to a party. People in modern societies are always getting their revenge and taking revenge or seeking revenge, but they are rarely avenging themselves.

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Strange how this is the diametric opposite to rkchl's answer. I personally find neither to be correct in all circumstances. – 16807 Jan 22 at 22:24

Revenge is both a noun and a verb and generally means the act of taking vengeance for injuries or wrongs; retaliation. While revenge can function as a verb, it is much more common for it to be seen as a noun. Examples:

  • He was so blinded by a desire to get revenge. (Noun)
  • It was difficult not to be overwhelmed by feelings or hate and revenge. (Noun)
  • “Rodman, a lifetime fifty-eight-per-cent free-throw shooter, was decidedly less amused, but he got revenge by making nine of twelve from the line.” – The New Yorker (Noun)
  • We are determined to revenge our humiliating loss from last year. (Verb)

Revenge is a more personal form of vengeance and it usually centers around feelings of anger and resentment.

Avenge is a verb meaning to inflict a punishment or penalty for an injury or a wrong. Examples:

  • We will avenge your son’s death.
  • I will avenge those who sullied your name.
  • The victim was avenged after the shooter was sentenced.
  • “As her family, we do not seek to avenge her death.” – The Guardian

In this sense, avenge is a word that connotes a pursuit of justice for someone other than one’s self. It suggests punishing a person when someone is looking to vindicate someone else other than himself or herself—or is serving the ends of justice.

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Your second example sentence for avenge is wrong: you can only use avenge with a person as the direct object if they're the one who you hope to help. You might avenge your brother whose name was sullied (to help him), but you wouldn't avenge those who sullied the name: that would mean that you're trying to help the name-sulliers! – SevenSidedDie Jan 23 at 18:41

I like the following:

Avenge is a verb. To avenge is to punish a wrongdoing with the intent of seeing justice done. Revenge can be used as a noun or a verb. It is more personal, less concerned with justice and more about retaliation by inflicting harm.

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protected by Damkerng T. Jan 23 at 12:16

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