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When I googled stomach flu, there were many questions and statements like

How do you get the stomach flu?

Or

Difference between a stomach flu and food poisoning

Or

Six facts about stomach flu

When do you use the, a or nothing? And which should I use for a sentence like "I got a stomach flu from someone" ?

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This question is about the use of articles before "stomach flu," so I have re-tagged it accordingly. I didn't make any other edits. – Mark Hubbard Feb 29 at 16:26

Firstly, 'Stomach flu' is not an official medical term - 'Stomach flu' is probably referring to something like gastroenteritis.

The poster asking 'How do you get the stomach flu' is probably saying it that way because that is how you refer to the flu, which is a contraction of 'Influenza'. It's common to refer to other illnesses this way, but colloquially (not officially), such as 'The Bends' (pressure sickness) or 'The Clap' (venereal disease).

Technically, there are many different strains of flu, such as H1N1, H1N2 etc. So if you don't know the type, you can refer to it non-specifically as 'a type of flu' or 'a flu'. Whereas if you specify that it is stomach flu, you don't need to prefix it with 'the' or 'a', because you have said what type it is. Examples of how it might be phrased:

  • I've got the flu.
  • I've got stomach flu.
  • I feel unwell. It might be stomach flu.
  • I've caught the flu from someone.
  • I've caught stomach flu from someone.
  • I've got gastroenteritis - it's like a stomach flu.

Hope this helps!

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3  
+1 because I'd never heard of 'Stomach flu', but as this site says: It’s not really the flu, but gastroenteritis – FumbleFingers Feb 29 at 16:45

Short answer: "The flu" is probably the one you want.

Long answer:

When your affliction is a specific named one, you often omit the article altogether. All of these would be acceptable:

I have rickets. I have measles. I have AIDS. I have cystic fibrosis. I have Zika. I have canine distemper.*

Rough day for me.

When you are referring to symptoms of a disease, you sometimes use the indefinite article, "a."

I have a cough. I have a rash. I have a cyst. I have a headache. I have a fever.

....and sometimes use no article:

I have nauseau. I have diarrhea. I have dizziness.

A cold is a collection of symptoms, and usually takes the indefinite article.

I have a cold.

But if you know exactly which type of cold you have, you might switch to the definite article:

I have the common cold.

Flu is somewhat like cold in this respect. In the past, all flus were thought to be the same malady. Now we differentiate between avian flu, swine flu, Spanish flu and others. (See ngrams ) If you just want to say that you have some type of flu-like illness, you might say _"a flu." If you are referring to the same flu that everyone else seems to be getting this year, you probably want to say "the flu." If you aren't sure, use "the."

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Though less common than simply measles, the definite article ("The measles") is also in use - possibly because the pustules resulting from measles are countable? – Adam Feb 29 at 16:23

The simple answer to your last question is,

"I got the stomach flu from someone."

But the larger question of when to use an article ("a" or "the") or not before "stomach flu" is more difficult and depends on the context, as you've found in your research.

Strictly speaking, "stomach flu" does not require an article in most cases. It would be just as valid to say,

"I got stomach flu from someone."

"How do you get stomach flu?"

"What is the difference between stomach flu and food poisoning?"

"A stomach flu" would only be used if there is more than one strain of the virus under consideration. This use is relatively rare.

The major pandemics of influenza that definitely affected the stomach (all of which I experienced) were in 1957, 1968 and 1978. I fortunately did not contract the so-called "swine flu" of 2009, so I don't know whether it was a "stomach flu" or not.

(See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza_pandemic)

Most "stomach flu" is actually a norovirus infection, caused by contact with tainted produce or other food. (See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norovirus)

So in most cases, it is correct to say "the stomach flu" or simply "stomach flu," unless you are speaking of multiple strains of the virus.

I hope this helps!

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1  
Interestingly, we almost say a cold and use no article for most other diseases: I caught a cold. - I caught the flu. - I caught pneumonia. – Era Feb 29 at 16:19

Since stomach flu is an informal term anyway (not medically specific or used in a setting where you might say gastroenteritis or something like that), you can use either the definite or the indefinite article and people will understand just what you mean.

The subtlety is that when you use "the" you are implying that there is one particular virus* circulating, and your audience probably knows others who have gotten sick with the same symptoms, so your use of "the" intends to tap into the listener's knowledge of what (they or) others have experienced recently.

By contrast, "a" implies that you have acquired some virus* which affects your stomach but there are multiple such illnesses out there and you are not being specific about exactly which one you have.

In "Six facts about stomach flu" there is no article because "stomach flu" is being discussed as a general concept. When you have a/the stomach flu, you have one specific illness, and the difference between definite and indefinite article is the implication about how many such illnesses are out there within the relevant range of consideration. The article title ("six facts about...") does not imply that the author is sick at all or that the advice contained in that article is limited to any specific strain of virus*.

The bold words in the last paragraph can be read as more general guidance for when trying to decide between definite articles ("the") and indefinite articles ("a/an").


*: (or bacteria or other cause of disease).

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Native speaker (Canada), and this to me is the most correct. I would always use a stomach flu or a stomach bug, etc - the term is nonspecific so using a definite article (the stomach flu) sounds a bit weird. Usually would hear things like : I caught some sort of stomach flu this weekend... – J... Mar 1 at 10:51
    
I'm not sure of what you meant by "the implication about how many such illnesses are out there within the relevant range of consideration." What does this mean? @WBT – Maimai123 Mar 2 at 0:39
    
@Maimai123 It means, are you implying that there is only one possible thing called "stomach flu" that you could be referring to, or are there many? For example, we say the Earth because there is only one, and a planet because there are many planets; folks who say the planet are implying that at least in context, there is only one planet worth thinking about ("within the relevant range of consideration"). When people say "the city", it implies there's only one city worth mentioning or considering in that context (and the audience probably knows which one it is). Does that help? – WBT Mar 2 at 1:12

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