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Others, as most legislators, politicians, lawyers, ministers, and office-holders, serve the state chiefly with their heads; and, as they rarely make any moral distinctions, they are as likely to serve the devil, without intending itwithout intending it, as God. A very few, as heroes, patriots, martyrs, reformers in the great sensein the great sense, and men, serve the state with their consciences also, and soso necessarily resist it for the most part; and they are commonly treated as enemies by it. A wise man will only be useful as a man, and will not submit to be "clay," and "stop a hole to keep the wind away," but leave that office to his dust at least...

There're some phrases I don't know before this sentence:

  1. Does "without intending it" mean "without thinking of it" and what does "it" refer to?

    I found a sentence from the Bible "For they intended evil against thee: they imagined a mischievous device, which they are not able to perform", I'm not sure if "it" refers to evil/devil.

  2. What does "in the great sense" mean?

  3. "so necessarily resist it for the most part", does "so" modify "necessarily" or the whole sentence?
  4. "serve the state with...",does it mean "use...to serve the state"?

The last sentence, canCan I literally understand the first clause as "if a wise man is a man, then he will be useful"?

Does the second clause make the "not...but..." construction? What does "office" and "dust" mean?

Others, as most legislators, politicians, lawyers, ministers, and office-holders, serve the state chiefly with their heads; and, as they rarely make any moral distinctions, they are as likely to serve the devil, without intending it, as God. A very few, as heroes, patriots, martyrs, reformers in the great sense, and men, serve the state with their consciences also, and so necessarily resist it for the most part; and they are commonly treated as enemies by it. A wise man will only be useful as a man, and will not submit to be "clay," and "stop a hole to keep the wind away," but leave that office to his dust at least...

There're some phrases I don't know before this sentence:

  1. Does "without intending it" mean "without thinking of it" and what does "it" refer to?

    I found a sentence from the Bible "For they intended evil against thee: they imagined a mischievous device, which they are not able to perform", I'm not sure if "it" refers to evil/devil.

  2. What does "in the great sense" mean?

  3. "so necessarily resist it for the most part", does "so" modify "necessarily" or the whole sentence?
  4. "serve the state with...",does it mean "use...to serve the state"?

The last sentence, can I literally understand the first clause as "if a wise man is a man, then he will be useful"?

Does the second clause make the "not...but..." construction? What does "office" and "dust" mean?

Others, as most legislators, politicians, lawyers, ministers, and office-holders, serve the state chiefly with their heads; and, as they rarely make any moral distinctions, they are as likely to serve the devil, without intending it, as God. A very few, as heroes, patriots, martyrs, reformers in the great sense, and men, serve the state with their consciences also, and so necessarily resist it for the most part; and they are commonly treated as enemies by it. A wise man will only be useful as a man, and will not submit to be "clay," and "stop a hole to keep the wind away," but leave that office to his dust at least...

Can I literally understand the first clause as "if a wise man is a man, then he will be useful"?

Does the second clause make the "not...but..." construction? What does "office" and "dust" mean?

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How to understand "A wise man will only be useful as a man...but leave that office to his dust at least"?

Others, as most legislators, politicians, lawyers, ministers, and office-holders, serve the state chiefly with their heads; and, as they rarely make any moral distinctions, they are as likely to serve the devil, without intending it, as God. A very few, as heroes, patriots, martyrs, reformers in the great sense, and men, serve the state with their consciences also, and so necessarily resist it for the most part; and they are commonly treated as enemies by it. A wise man will only be useful as a man, and will not submit to be "clay," and "stop a hole to keep the wind away," but leave that office to his dust at least...

There're some phrases I don't know before this sentence:

  1. Does "without intending it" mean "without thinking of it" and what does "it" refer to?

    I found a sentence from the Bible "For they intended evil against thee: they imagined a mischievous device, which they are not able to perform", I'm not sure if "it" refers to evil/devil.

  2. What does "in the great sense" mean?

  3. "so necessarily resist it for the most part", does "so" modify "necessarily" or the whole sentence?
  4. "serve the state with...",does it mean "use...to serve the state"?

The last sentence, can I literally understand the first clause as "if a wise man is a man, then he will be useful"?

Does the second clause make the "not...but..." construction? What does "office" and "dust" mean?