3 added 199 characters in body
source | link

“The report said that the Schaku coupler had broken and this led to the derailment, resulting in the death of my son and injuries to several others,“

Ref. link: http://epaperbeta.timesofindia.com/Article.aspx?eid=31821&articlexml=Case-against-CR-officers-for-death-due-to-05102015009015

As per my knowledge above sentence should be in past perfect as passive voice i.e. should be use coupler had been broken.

My explanation:

If we use only had then it mean coupler must have broken by itself which is not possible. some doer has to be there to broke it.

Another E.g. He had broken my Toy, which angered me a lot

And if we use had been Then it mean coupler must have broken by someone. It may have broken by miscreant or climate like overheating etc. It should be passive voice.

Another E.g. My toy had been broken by him, which angered me a lot

If boken is used as adjective then it should be was broken

Or It should be like

“The report said that the Schaku had broken coupler and this led to the derailment, resulting in the death of my son and injuries to several others,“

Please help

“The report said that the Schaku coupler had broken and this led to the derailment, resulting in the death of my son and injuries to several others,“

Ref. link: http://epaperbeta.timesofindia.com/Article.aspx?eid=31821&articlexml=Case-against-CR-officers-for-death-due-to-05102015009015

As per my knowledge above sentence should be in past perfect as passive voice i.e. should be use coupler had been broken.

My explanation:

If we use only had then it mean coupler must have broken by itself which is not possible. some doer has to be there to broke it.

Another E.g. He had broken my Toy, which angered me a lot

And if we use had been Then it mean coupler must have broken by someone. It may have broken by miscreant or climate like overheating etc. It should be passive voice.

Another E.g. My toy had been broken by him, which angered me a lot

If boken is used as adjective then it should be was broken

“The report said that the Schaku coupler had broken and this led to the derailment, resulting in the death of my son and injuries to several others,“

Ref. link: http://epaperbeta.timesofindia.com/Article.aspx?eid=31821&articlexml=Case-against-CR-officers-for-death-due-to-05102015009015

As per my knowledge above sentence should be in past perfect as passive voice i.e. should be use coupler had been broken.

My explanation:

If we use only had then it mean coupler must have broken by itself which is not possible. some doer has to be there to broke it.

Another E.g. He had broken my Toy, which angered me a lot

And if we use had been Then it mean coupler must have broken by someone. It may have broken by miscreant or climate like overheating etc. It should be passive voice.

Another E.g. My toy had been broken by him, which angered me a lot

If boken is used as adjective then it should be was broken

Or It should be like

“The report said that the Schaku had broken coupler and this led to the derailment, resulting in the death of my son and injuries to several others,“

Please help

2 added 58 characters in body
source | link

“The report said that the Schaku coupler had broken and this led to the derailment, resulting in the death of my son and injuries to several others,“

Ref. link: http://epaperbeta.timesofindia.com/Article.aspx?eid=31821&articlexml=Case-against-CR-officers-for-death-due-to-05102015009015

As per my knowledge above sentence should be in past perfect as passive voice i.e. should be use coupler had been broken.

My explanation:

If we use only had then it mean coupler must have broken by itself which is not possible. some doer has to be there to broke it.

Another E.g. He had broken my Toy, which angered me a lot

And if we use had been Then it mean coupler must have broken by someone. It may have broken by miscreant or climate like overheating etc. It should be passive voice.

Another E.g. My toy had been broken by him, which angered me a lot

If boken is used as adjective then it should be was broken

“The report said that the Schaku coupler had broken and this led to the derailment, resulting in the death of my son and injuries to several others,“

Ref. link: http://epaperbeta.timesofindia.com/Article.aspx?eid=31821&articlexml=Case-against-CR-officers-for-death-due-to-05102015009015

As per my knowledge above sentence should be in past perfect as passive voice i.e. should be use coupler had been broken.

My explanation:

If we use only had then it mean coupler must have broken by itself which is not possible. some doer has to be there to broke it.

Another E.g. He had broken my Toy, which angered me a lot

And if we use had been Then it mean coupler must have broken by someone. It may have broken by miscreant or climate like overheating etc. It should be passive voice.

Another E.g. My toy had been broken by him, which angered me a lot

“The report said that the Schaku coupler had broken and this led to the derailment, resulting in the death of my son and injuries to several others,“

Ref. link: http://epaperbeta.timesofindia.com/Article.aspx?eid=31821&articlexml=Case-against-CR-officers-for-death-due-to-05102015009015

As per my knowledge above sentence should be in past perfect as passive voice i.e. should be use coupler had been broken.

My explanation:

If we use only had then it mean coupler must have broken by itself which is not possible. some doer has to be there to broke it.

Another E.g. He had broken my Toy, which angered me a lot

And if we use had been Then it mean coupler must have broken by someone. It may have broken by miscreant or climate like overheating etc. It should be passive voice.

Another E.g. My toy had been broken by him, which angered me a lot

If boken is used as adjective then it should be was broken

1
source | link

Diffrence Had broken and had been broken

“The report said that the Schaku coupler had broken and this led to the derailment, resulting in the death of my son and injuries to several others,“

Ref. link: http://epaperbeta.timesofindia.com/Article.aspx?eid=31821&articlexml=Case-against-CR-officers-for-death-due-to-05102015009015

As per my knowledge above sentence should be in past perfect as passive voice i.e. should be use coupler had been broken.

My explanation:

If we use only had then it mean coupler must have broken by itself which is not possible. some doer has to be there to broke it.

Another E.g. He had broken my Toy, which angered me a lot

And if we use had been Then it mean coupler must have broken by someone. It may have broken by miscreant or climate like overheating etc. It should be passive voice.

Another E.g. My toy had been broken by him, which angered me a lot