What does called that form added -th or -eth after verbs.I found that in an article and don't know why it was used ? Is it specialized verbs ? In which condition ,should I use that!

And he that taketh not his cross, and followeth after me, is not worthy of me.

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The ending -eth is not used anymore, outside of very old texts (or versions thereof) that are still read today, such as The King James Version (KJV) of the Holy Bible.

Modern translations usually use modern English, as in the English Standard Verizon (2001):

And whoever does not take his cross and follow me is not worthy of me.

(See, for example)

So the short answer is don't use it, unless you want to sound like early modern English (ca AD/CE 1600).

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