Is using the present participle compulsory in the structure have/has been?

I once read a sentence

The work has been completed flawlessly by her.

I understand that we use have/has been + present participle to express actions that went on in the past and were completed in the present.

I would like to know when I should use 'have/has been' without the present participle (-ING form).

  • Please give some more details along with some examples of what you are asking about here so that this question can be reopened. See the Details, Please for some help on how to provide more information, and why that is so important.
    – J.R.
    Commented Aug 22, 2016 at 15:45
  • @J.R. Thank you for your suggestuon.I edited my question :) Commented Aug 22, 2016 at 15:55
  • 4
    has completed is a normal construction for present perfect in active voice. Has been completed is a passive construction in passive voice. Has been completing is present perfect continuous. Commented Oct 22, 2016 at 5:57

1 Answer 1


When you express to be in the past perfect, it's not followed by a present participle. A noun or adjective will follow.

I had been a police officer in the past.

Past perfect passive voice verbs are followed by a past participle, not a present participle.

The pool had been drained by last Tuesday by the maintenance crew.

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