Can a person with great memory power be called intelligent? Or is there any other word or phrase to describe such a person?
Although I would have to agree with both snailboat and hjpotter92's choice of eidetic and mnemonist as words meaning "someone who is very good at remembering", it really isn't particularly idiomatic. Most native speakers would say:
John has a photographic memory.
John is eidetic.
Jill has a good memory
Jill is a mnemonist.
In general, as a native speaker I would prefer terms that are widely understood and in common usage rather than ones which are concise, so unless you have particularly good reason to expect the person you're talking to to know the term eidetic, I'd probably just stick with something similar to the following:
Jane has amazing memory prowess.
John's memory is fantastic.
Bill has a surprisingly good memory.
No. Intelligence is a term used for one or more of the following cases:
- The ability to comprehend; to understand and profit from experience
- Possessing sound knowledge
- The capacity to reason
People with good memory, on the other hand, are referred to as eidetic. Eidetic memory or photographic memory would be the correct term.
Eidetic memory is a specific phenomenon - an image which persists only for a few minutes - which is extremely rare in adults.
Photographic memory probably doesn't occur at all, as an ability to remember any image ever seen.
People whose memories are commonly referred to as 'eidetic' or 'photographic' do usually just have good memories (and/or they're using specific memory techniques).
Full recall of every event that's ever happened to an individual (autobiographical memory) is 'hyperthymesia' or 'hyperthymestic syndrome' and has only been very recently confirmed to exist.
"The Woman Who Can't Forget" (book)
I'd stick with "X has a good memory". :)