I've got a sentence

Good people get up ______

Could I use "Early in the morning " ? Is it a Clause?

The answer given is
"when the sun rises"?

Please tell which one is correct or both? Also, please explain why. Thank you.

  • 1
    "Early in the morning" is an adverbial phrase, or in general it's a phrase. However, "when the sun rises" is an adverbial clause, or in general it's a clause. I think both are correct grammatically.
    – Cardinal
    Sep 24, 2016 at 15:48
  • "Early in the morning" is not a clause because it does not contain a verb.
    – Mick
    Sep 24, 2016 at 16:14

1 Answer 1


A clause should contain subject and predicate, either explicit or implicit.

He wants [to go to the circus].

TO-infinitive clause - to go to the circus. It's a clause because it contains an implicit Subject - he, Predicator - go and Complement - to the circus. Subject - he and Predicate - go to the circus. That to can be regarded as a subordinator.

It's possible [for him to jump over the wall].

Here the TO-infinitive clause has an explicit subject -him.

But your early in the morning is not a clause. It lacks a subject and a predicator. It, however, can be analyzed as a phrase.

early is an adverb and it's a head-word. And it takes a Preposition Phrase (PP) as a post-modifier. so early in the morning is an Adverb Phrase (AdvP).

In your sentence -

Good people get up [early in the morning].

The AdvP acts as a temporal adjunct. You can also use a clause there instead of that AdvP. A good choice is, as Cardinal suggested in his comment, when the sun rises.

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