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Is it wrong if I say like

Shyam will decide that he will work hard for the upcoming exams and come first in class.

Is there any rule that we shouldn't use will twice in a sentence?

If so, which one should I drop?

Does simple present work here in the place of will decide?

And is the sentence above correct grammatically?

Could you please explain to me?

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There's no rule against using the same auxiliary verb, including will, more than once in a sentence.

Consider these two examples, written by native speakers, found in a search for "will decide that he will":

My husband, who is a pediatrician, still holds on to a hope that Adrian, one of our youngest, will decide that he will do it after all.

(source)

and

It may well be that the circumstances are such that the franchisor will decide that he will terminate the contract...

(source)

In fact, you could have used it three times by using will before come, but it's probably better to avoid that much repetition.

So there is nothing wrong with your sentence grammatically.

You could use the simple present instead of the first future will, as in

Shyam decides that he will work hard for the upcoming exams and come first in class.

but without a context that makes it clear that you are talking about the future, using future will seems better; by using future will in your sentence it is much clearer that you are talking about future time.

I call will in your sentence future will because the modal verb will has other uses than to talk about future time.

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  • But the test which I've taken claims that will is wrong here. And it didn't provide any context. Just it had given the sentence and asked me to find the error. So, this sentence is perfectly right without context. Right? – Omkar Reddy Sep 30 '16 at 12:48
  • Possibly come should be will come since that's happening in the future too. – LawrenceC Sep 30 '16 at 12:53
  • @LawrenceC I thought so. That's where I pointed out the error. But the test claims something else. – Omkar Reddy Sep 30 '16 at 13:09
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    Maybe remove the first 'will.' It's not grammatically wrong, but you are saying that in the future you will make a decision to do X in the future, rather than simply make a decision to do X in the future. So it sounds needlessly indirect. – LawrenceC Sep 30 '16 at 13:19
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    If you click on the tag exam-question you'll find many (almost all?) test questions to be wrong in some way. Also, we don't know what the exam is testing you on: unless we know that, it's hard to judge the test. – Alan Carmack Sep 30 '16 at 13:56

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