0

I've read that 'having+past participle' is used in the perfect participle. Now I'm confused to have found the following sentences written in a grammar book(which isn't available in internet) and in this website http://www.myenglishteacher.net/gerunds.html as gerunds. Which calls it as perfect gerund. The sentences are:

  1. I heard of his having won a prize.
  2. The mirror showed no prints of having been touched.
  3. She was accused of having stolen my bag.

My questions:

  1. How are these sentences with 'having+p.p' uses of the gerund?
  2. Could you please tell me how to use 'having+p.p' as gerunds in sentences with examples?
1

I have won a prize.

This is win in the present perfect sense.

  • Present perfect sense: It means you won a prize in the past, then X, then now. X is not specified here and is not required to be specified.

    • Reasons for X not being specified include emphasis that something's in the past, communicating that something happened outside of the recent past, communicating that a state change is completed and not in progress, and expecting X to be filled in from context.

    • A possible fill-in for X is "the contest ended" or "I actually received the prize."

I heard about him having won a prize.

This is kinda-sorta win in the present perfect sense in gerund forum. It means he has won a prize, but it's converted to a gerund form so it can be an object of a preposition.

I'm sure I made someone with higher rep than me angry at saying that gerunds can have perfect forms. I don't really think gerunds can actually have perfect tenses - because A) they aren't even pure verbs and B) it doesn't work at all with past perfect.

What I think is really going on is something like this:

I am having lunch now.

I am having my nails done.

I am having my car repaired.

A meaning of have is "to take in" or "to receive or undergo an action."

I am having my clothes tailored = I'm receiving the action of "clothes tailored" from someone.

So:

I heard about him having won a prize = I heard about him having undergone the action of "win a prize."

I haven't been there in two years ... I wanted to know about him not having been there in two years = I wanted to know about him not having undergone the action of "being there".

  • I haven't got you yet, I don't know why you are using 'x' mark in your answer, I don't find it helpfull at all. – yubraj Oct 3 '16 at 16:44
  • could you please make it understandable for me? – yubraj Oct 4 '16 at 11:59

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.