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I was studying a book 'Grammar In Use'. But there is a sentence I don't understand.

'A number of paintings is believed to have been destroyed'

Why 'to' has to be used in this sentence? Also, are these wrong sentences if I say,

  1. A number of paintings have been believed being destroyed.

  2. A number of paintings is believed destroyed.

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Consider "is believed to" as a modifying clause.

A number of paintings is believed to have been destroyed.
A number of paintings have been destroyed.

The destruction has actually happened.

A number of paintings is believed to have been destroyed.

Here it is second-hand information which may or may not be true.
I don't think you need to rewrite any further.

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