Is it possible, in English, to refer to a Greek God by its Roman name (eg. Jupiter), as opposed to its Greek name (e.g. Zeus). Or is Jupiter just a name of a planet? In Italy, people are taught this distinction, given that the names were copied, but the mythological stories for Rome are somewhat different than the ones for Athens. How would I make this distinction in English, when referring to these Gods/gods (whether I am referring to the Roman one or to the Greek one)? Is it at all possible?
NOTE: I know there is a manga cartoon called Sailor Moon, which hosts characters such as Sailor Jupiter, but I'm not quite sure that covers the trick.
There is also a mythology SE, but I felt this post was was-specific enough to the English language to post it here.