Is this sentence correct?
I don't after the position.
I think that this is the correct sentence:
I am not after the position.
Please let me know why the first sentence is wrong.
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When you say do not X, X has to be a verb, not a preposition.
I do not the candy (wrong)
I do not want the candy (right)
It's wrong because do + verb is a construction often used in English, and if there is a not, it goes in the middle like other helping verbs, e.g. I have not gone, etc.
As an FYI, go works fine like this.
I go after the candy.
but remember negative verb forms in English require do:
I do not go after the candy.
Examine the positive forms:-
"don't after" suggests the negation of a verb, since the English negation of the simple present tense uses "don't" followed by the bare infinitive.
Now the word "after" is a preposition, sometimes an adverb, or more rarely an adjective or a conjunction. It is not used as a verb. Hence "I don't after..." is not grammatically correct.
The second form is fine. The word "after" functions as a preposition, meaning "in pursuit of". And the English negation of "I am" is "I am not".