- Use A(AN) when you are talking about a thing in general, NOT a specific thing. When talking about a thing which is new, unknown, or introduced to a listener for the first time. Also use A(AN) when you are asking about the existence of something.
- Use THE when talking about something which is already known to the listener or which has been previously mentioned, introduced, or discussed.
I kind of understand the difference between the definite and indefinite articles. However, I don't quite understand when you should use the articles and when you should omit articles.
For example, when your classmate, John, asked you for photos of lecture notes and you send them via email. Do you write please see attachments because attachments is plural and he is seeing these attachments for the first time or please see the attachments because you're tell him to see these specific attachments and he knows what the attachments are(photos of lecture notes)?
Another example, you were driving, saw a abandoned car in the middle of the road, and sent a Snapchat of the abandoned car to your friends saying "someone left their car in the middle of the road!" Do you include the definite article because the road is introduced with the picture or if they know that road. Do you use the indefinite article a road if they don't know that road