Using "due to" twice in the following sentences is not good. Can someone suggest a way to write the second sentence without using "due to"?

In this work, aerodynamic losses due to blade profile and secondary flows is investigated. The results show that losses due to them are lower for proposed design.

("Them" in the last sentence = blade profile loss and secondary flow loss)

  • 1
    "show that these losses are lower"... and you need a "the" before proposed design
    – Catija
    Commented Nov 19, 2016 at 0:57
  • 1
    In the first sentence, the subject losses is plural and should take the plural verb. Commented Nov 19, 2016 at 1:06
  • 1
    Did you try looking this up in a thesaurus?
    – J.R.
    Commented Nov 19, 2016 at 9:31
  • Synonyms for due to include caused by, because of, and from.
    – LawrenceC
    Commented Mar 27, 2017 at 13:17

1 Answer 1


You can use 'because of' instead of due to, but these phrases are unnecessary in the sentence. If you say these losses or the said losses, it will mean the losses you have mentioned earlier.

Also, you should use are instead of is after 'flows' and add 'the' in front of 'proposed design', as commented by Catija and P.E. Dant.

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