1

May I say: "The jackal relates to the dog as the tiger to the cat"? Or must it be "corresponds", or anything else?

4

The way this is typically expressed in English is simply by using the verb is:

The jackal is to the dog as the tiger is to the cat.

Personally, I'd avoid using relates. When I read:

The jackal relates to the dog...

I imagine the two animals conversing somehow (perhaps over a card game or something). It's not ungrammatical; it's just not usual.

3

I've usually seen these type of statements styled as

"A is to B as X is to Y"

So in the case of your analogy, "Jackal is to dog, as tiger is to cat"

  • Have you dropped the articles intentionally? – Serguei Nov 19 '16 at 10:38
  • 1
    Yes I did - analogies such as these are usually indefinite - we're not talking about a specific jackal or a specific tiger. Therefore the definite article the is not required. Of course if my assumption is incorrect, and you are actually referring to a specific jackal, dog, tiger and cat, then I'm wrong :) – mike Nov 19 '16 at 10:46

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