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I know the meaning of the idiom "stop by" (come over for a short visit) but I don't know to use the idiom "stop by" with a pronoun.

For example, can I say "I'm going to stop by him", or "Please, come to stop by me" or "He went to stop by her"?

According to this site (which contains a lot of example of uses) I suspect that I have to use the preposition "with" since it states:

Sam may stop by with Peter and Ted, and Roger Ailes wants to talk about this idea for a legal show that .

  • I've never heard of the "use-in-a-sentence" website, but almost any dictionary defines the phrasal verb stop by. For instance, Collins, Free Dictionary, and Oxford Learner's. We stop by a location, not a person. Example: "Let's stop by Dave's house." "We can stop by the tailor on our way to Dave's." – P. E. Dant Nov 22 '16 at 1:41
  • In your example the meaning is "Sam may stop by (some place) with Peter and Ted...". stop by relates to some place (the object of the action), not with Peter and Ted (the participants). – user3169 Nov 22 '16 at 6:14
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If by takes an explicit object it designates a place, not a person: "I'll stop by your office and pick up the file."

If by does not have an object, the place is assumed to be a place named earlier, or the place where your hearer is now, or will be found.

The with phrase in the sentence you quote is not part of the stop by construction. It's an adjunct naming the people who will accompany Sam—they will come with him.

  • After cogitating on it a bit, it occurs to me that we do hear by [person] in NAmE colloquial speech. "Hey, let's go by Dave" and stop by [name] would not sound out of place; oddly, though, stop by [pronoun] would. – P. E. Dant Nov 22 '16 at 4:12
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    I would expect ""Hey, let's go/stop by Dave's (place)", but not using Dave. (AmE) – user3169 Nov 22 '16 at 6:12
  • In my neck of the woods we would say Let's stop by at Dave's ... to refer to Dave's house or apartment. But if the proper name was the name of a bar or restaurant, say, then it could stand in for a place and complement by, as StoneyB has stated. Let's stop by Sadie's (a corner-store when I was a kid). – Tᴚoɯɐuo Nov 22 '16 at 12:46
  • @TRomano Quite so. If by acts as a transitive preposition and takes an object, a nominal, that object is one which designates a place, and by X is a locative PP; if there's not an object, by is an intransitive preposition (in effect, a P which acts by itself as a PP) which may be further specified by 'stacking' an ordinary PP like "at your place" or "to Sadie's". – StoneyB Nov 22 '16 at 13:26

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