Why to back shift the tenses in Reported speech when the incident or news is still true?
In New paper reporter back shifts the tense while reporting the news. But some time the speakers reported speech is still true or still happening while reading.
"He added that demonetization had hurt the poor and the economy and the policy was a disaster."
Refer this link.
If I say
"He added that demonetization has hurt the poor and the economy and the policy is a disaster." It will mean the same thing.
Please help me to understand when to backshift tense and when not?