What is the difference of the meaning of these two sentences?
- We usually go away for the summer.
- We usually go away during the summer.
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In general, the difference is that "for" implies the whole duration, and "during" implies a period within the larger period. For example:
We usually go away for the summer.
Would be taken to mean that for the entire summer period, the speaker would be away from home, presumably on holiday. Whereas:
We usually go away during the summer.
Would be taken to mean that at some unspecified time during the summer, the speaker would be away from home for some (currently unspecified) duration, but not for the whole of the summer period.