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Researches is a verb. Can it be used in a context like:

Researches are going on

OR should it be

Research is being carried out?

Which is syntactically and semantically correct English?

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    "Research" can be a noun or a verb. When we add "es" to it, it certainly becomes a noun. But it cannot be used in the plural ("researches"), so you cannot use it. You can say "research projects are being performed" (here the word "research" would serve as an adjective). The noun "research" is uncountable, that's why you can't add es to the end of it. Commented Dec 18, 2016 at 7:03
  • Lots to say about this question. I've done some research on this particular noun in the past, its history is quite interesting.
    – Mari-Lou A
    Commented Dec 18, 2016 at 8:08
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    @CowperKettle "When we add "es" to it, it certainly becomes a noun." Huh?: Joe researches genetics.
    – H Walters
    Commented Dec 18, 2016 at 16:11
  • @HWalters - yes, I under-researched the issue. I meant it becomes a noun in the sentence "Researches are going on". Commented Dec 18, 2016 at 16:15

2 Answers 2

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In American English, "Researches are going on" is grammatically incorrect.

As a noun, "research" is not countable. If Americans want to talk about more than one research project, they talk about "research projects", not "researches".

As a verb, "research" is conjugated the usual way. In the present tense:

I research.     We research.
You research.   You research.
He researches.  They research.

Because "research" is a formal word, "You research" is much, much more common than "Y'all research".

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    This also applies in British English Commented Dec 18, 2016 at 11:33
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Both of your suggested formulations would appear unusual. The first is grammatically incorrect, the second is clunky. Both are in the passive voice.

I would suggest "We/they are researching..." or "Research into X is ongoing" as possible alternatives but without knowing the context of your statement I cannot say what the correct phrasing is.

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