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I have following construction.

Table 4 shows the parameters used by the filtering approach. The parameters are determined by the knowledge about the data and landscape.

I want to clarify, whether second sentence should be started with THE or without THE. I am confused, as with plural words we are not normally use THE (As I know, is that so?)

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  • Its absolutely right. But to start with 'Those' will make more sense. – VijayaRagavan Oct 14 '13 at 10:27
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    We can use the definite article with a plural to denote a known or stated subset of the class. Here, the parameters in the table. See english.stackexchange.com/questions/10854/… – VijayaRagavan Oct 14 '13 at 10:33
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    We do not use "the" with plural nouns? Now I am confused, what do you mean? How do you say a sentence like:"The people in the offices here are all my colleagues." without using "the"? Maybe you meant something else, I am not sure I understand the question. – fluffy Oct 14 '13 at 15:31
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You appear to be confused with a/an, which is not used with plurals (it indicates a single but indefinite object). The specifies that the noun following it is definite (not just any parameters, but these specific parameters) and is used with singular or plural nouns.

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English has three main articles.

  • The indefinite article, used when the following noun refer to an object in a category (or many objects, in the plural), but we don't know which object specifically. The singular form is a or an, and the plural form is nothing (a zero article).

    There is a car in the street.
    There are {} cars in the street.

  • The definite article. It is expressed with the word the when refering to a specific object (or specific objects, in the plural) which is described by the context.

    I see a car and a bicycle. The car is red.
    The cars in the street are moving fast.

  • A zero article. This is a partitive article, and it is also used to refer to general concepts. The partitive article is more commonly singular, but it can be plural; the boundary between a plural partitive article and an indefinite article is not always clear.

    {} Water is wet.

I'm simplifying a lot here — these are just the most common cases.

In this sentence, the subject of the second sentence refers to a specific set of parameters, the ones mentioned in the previous sentence. Therefore the definite article is used. The definite article is always the, whether the noun is singular or plural.

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