I'm not really sure about the grammatical construction of the last sentence, because I know the grammar about using participle talking about sequences and that the main clause uses in past time. But is it possible to make the sentence like that one.

..Before doing something we try to learn and find out how the thing works. And then we put it on practice to see the results. On seeing results, we are likely to gain experience..

  • This reads like a narrative. I don't see any past tense here. – user3169 Dec 25 '16 at 1:06

On seeing the results, we are likely to gain experience.

There's nothing wrong with the sentence. The main clause isn't in the past; you are referring to a likely event in the future. If you want to refer to a past event, you say:

On seeing the results, we were likely to gain experience.

Moreover, if you want to write the sentence in a more formal way, you can use the preposition "upon" instead of "on".

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Your last sentence might better read

On seeing the results, we are likely to gain experience...
Upon seeing the results, we are likely to gain experience..

since you are talking about a specific set of results.

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  • In this particular case I might use use "these" instead of "the", because it's referring to the results mentioned in the previous sentence. – eyeballfrog Jul 11 '17 at 23:49

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