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As a Spanish speaker English prepositions are most of the time a nightmare; this is due to the fact that they do not have an accurate translation and also they have different aplications and meaning.

What preposition is correct in the following sentence?

People were shocked [ with | by | for ] his death.

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    "People were shocked by his death" is most idiomatic. – Mark Hubbard Jan 5 '17 at 20:46
  • @claudio sepulveda All prepositions in English prepositional phrases or phrasal verbs can be translated perfectly well into Spanish. People were shocked by his death. La gente se sorprendió con su muerte. Vaya, hombre. :) – Lambie Jan 5 '17 at 20:56
  • Dear Lambie, Thank you for your comment, and based on this comment I´s kike to aske this: Can you give only one translation for prepositions such as: BY - examples: "People were shocked BY his death" - I go to work BY car - I left my bag BY the window. – claudio sepulveda Jan 5 '17 at 21:02
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    No, but the reverse is true also. Just because not every preposition in English is the same one in Spanish does not mean every preposition in English cannot be accurately translated into Spanish. In Spanish, there is the preposition EN everywhere and it is not always IN in English either. It works both ways. EN este aspecto, el libro es interesante. Le vi EN la playa. EN lo que se refiere a este tema, no estoy de acuerdo. THAT aspect of the book is interesting, I saw him AT the beach. WITH regard to this subject, I don't agree. :) Welcome to the particular genius of a language. :) – Lambie Jan 5 '17 at 21:17
  • Lambie I forgot: Do you have only one translation into Spanish for the preposition FOR. examples: I was angry with my wife FOR buying a new car. - I am leaving FOR England next week. Thanks Lambie. – claudio sepulveda Jan 5 '17 at 21:20
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In this case, "by" is the correct preposition - "People were shocked by his death." I agree, English can be a little confusing.

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    Welcome to ELL.SE. On this site, we strive to explain answers, not merely state them. Why is by the correct preposition here? How is the meaning changed when the other prepositions are used? What are some real-life examples of usage? I strongly encourage you to take the site tour and review the help center for additional guidance. – choster Jan 5 '17 at 22:22
  • @TapaDiptiSitaula feel free to edit your answer. If you improve it, we can upvote it. – Andrew Jan 6 '17 at 0:07

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