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As far as I know, it is not common. However, I heard saying "speak with you later" instead of "talk to you later or bye" sounds rather formal and suits business conversations? Is it correct?

2 Answers 2

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I don't think people only use talk to you later in informal speeches, I think people use it because it's the most proper way to say it.

Speak is used in sentences such as:

Do you speak English?

How many languages can he speak?

Does he know how to speak politely?

It may be understood as one hability, or capacity of talking in a specific way: Do you speak informally? - It's an hability of speaking informally.

All what is referred to a language will probably use the verb Speak -

He speaks very well

He likes to speak English as a beginner so that people will find him funny

He speaks the blind people-language

He speaks formally when delivering a speech.

Maybe "Speak to you later" may also be used in a high degree of formality.

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    You say "it's the most proper way to say it" - why? according to who? There's no indication as to whether Q or your answer is about American, British, or other form of English. At least in southern BrE, Speak to you later is not uncommon - either in person or over the 'phone. I would certainly use it sometimes, but couldn't give any firm explanation as to when I would use either form. I might be more likely to use Speak ... if I were intending to, say, confirm an arrangement or follow-up on the current discussion; and use Talk ... if the future occasion was merely to be a 'chat', etc..
    – TrevorD
    Commented Jan 8, 2017 at 0:39
  • @TrevorD - I'm afraid I can't look for any sources in Internet now, as I'm through the mobile app, it would be pretty hard to select some, cut and paste.. I will look for some sources and examples of sentences containing the words Speak and Talk.
    – Davyd
    Commented Jan 8, 2017 at 1:18
  • And your answer to my comment that "There's no indication as to whether Q or your answer is about American, British, or other form of English." is what?
    – TrevorD
    Commented Jan 8, 2017 at 18:32
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It can be somewhat formal and threatening given the context.

If a parent is called into school because their child has misbehaved, the parent may say upon leaving the principal's office

I will speak with your later young man!
I will deal with you when we get home!

Usually in a business situation, one may want to sound more informal or friendly, so instead of

Speak to you later.

One might use

Let's chat later.
Let's catchup later.
Let's talk later.

though "Speak to you later" is perfectly acceptable, similar to "Sincerely yours" at the end of a letter.

"Speak" may carry a heavier feeling than other descriptions of conversing. If someone has done something wrong, one might say

He has been spoken to about that.
Should I speak to him about that? (AmE)
Should I have a word with him about that? (BrE)

If someone says

Can I speak with/to you?

it's often portrayed as something serious in the movies, like when a doctor informs a family member of a serious diagnosis.

Another example is, we rarely say

he speaks to himself.
he talks to himself

He talks to himself.
He's always chatting with himself.

since we're usually on less formal terms with ourselves.

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