"Competition is contrast with cooperation."

I wonder if the above sentence is right.

I think that "Competition is in contrast with cooperation" is right.

Which one is right?

  • 1
    One might say (in some contexts) "Competition is contrasted with cooperation." But otherwise the "in" is needed. – Hot Licks Dec 25 '16 at 0:11
  • Confusion between Competition contrasts with cooperation and Competition is contrasted with cooperation, both grammatical. In the first sentence, contrasts is a tensed verb and needs no auxiliary; in the second, the passive construction requires auxiliary is and the past participle contrasted. – John Lawler Dec 25 '16 at 16:05

Contrast can be a noun, so it can work as an object of a preposition, such as in the phrase in contrast with.

Contrast of course is a regular verb, and a past participle X of a verb can be used as a shortcut to express that has/have been X - for example, "the contrasted viewpoints" = "the viewpoints that have been contrasted."

Now, it's possible for contrast to take an object ...

I heard what she said before. Her current argument contrasts this.

and it is possible for it to be followed directly by a prepositional phrase.

Her current argument contrasts with what she said earlier.

But saying X is/are contrast with Y doesn't work - beYou must say X is in contrast with Y. Contrast doesn't really work as a modifier.

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