Today I was doing sentence transformation exercises and I found this sentence:

1."Yes, I left the door unlocked", said Daisy.
2.Daisy ________ the door unlocked. (having)

I had to use from two to five words and I could not change the word in the brackets.

After a bit of research and teacher's advice I filled the second sentence like this:

2.Daisy left having the door unlocked. (having)

Is this correct?

I found in the Grammarway 4 (10th edition) that in reported speech Past Simple can be changed to both Past Simple and Past Perfect. After that my teacher told me that it is correct and we change tense to Past Simple when we report something said just a moment ago or when we ridicule someone's behavior.

I would also like to know if there are any other situations in which we change the tense to Past Simple?

  • @user178049 You must use 'having'.
    – 107MP
    Jan 9 '17 at 23:30
  • I think your excersice is wrong. It's impossible to use present progressive here. And left having does not make sense at all.
    – user178049
    Jan 9 '17 at 23:34
  • I guess you can't build a grammatically right sentence using those words mentioned, I tried every possible placement but it still doesn't fit.
    – Davyd
    Jan 10 '17 at 0:40
  • 2
    "Daisy admitted to having left the door unlocked" is grammatical, but I cannot believe that it's the intended answer.
    – verbose
    Jan 10 '17 at 0:46
  • Daisy left, having left the door unlocked.
    – Davo
    Apr 13 '17 at 16:34

I suppose this is from a exercise where the task is to:

Complete the second sentence in each section using the given word, so that the meaning of this sentence is as close as possible to the initial sentence. You are not allowed to change the given sentences. Do not change the given word. Use from two to five words.

Here's an example from that exercise:

  • You must do exactly what the manager tells you. (carry)
  • You must ___________________ instructions exactly. (carry out the manager’s)

According to this information the solution probably is:

  • Daisy admitted (to) having left the door unlocked. (Passive Voice, Reported Speech)

This is based on this information [Affirmation in reported speech] and this Source.

So, your teacher is definitely wrong.

According to grammar rules when we use reported speech for Past Simple we change the tense to Past Perfect. However, if we want to report a past action in the Indirect speech we can use a Perfect Participle. Using the Perfect Participle makes it clear that the action took place in the past.

The general way of reporting the phrase "Yes, I left the door unlocked", said Daisy. in the Indirect Speech is:

  • Daisy said that she had left the door unlocked.

We can leave the Present tense in the reported speech if what is mentioned is still true at the time of speaking or is generally true.

  • "People die", John says.
  • John says that people die. (True).

Daisy, having left the door unlocked, only remembered when she was halfway to Tahiti.

This has nothing to do with past simple or perfect or any verb form. Instead "having left the door unlocked" is a subordinate phrase that modifies "Daisy" and informs the context of the rest of the sentence. It's about the only way I can think to fit in "having" in 2-5 words, but it only indirectly relates to the first sentence.

As a kind of English puzzle game, it's fine. As an exercise I'm not sure I see the point.


"Yes, I left the door unlocked", said Daisy.

can be changed to the indirect statement

Daisy affirmed having left the door unlocked.

Affirmed is the appropriate verb that includes the sense of yes.

Normally one might want to report Daisy's statement as

Daisy said yes/affirmed she had left the door unlocked.

except you say that you are supposed to use having and not had.

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