They give you exercises to do.

Please explain to me why "to do" is used here, not "to be done".

  • Possible duplicate of: ell.stackexchange.com/questions/81605/… – user178049 Jan 13 '17 at 12:24
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    I agree with Stoney's answer. In case you're interested, "to do" is an infinitival relative clause: "They give you exercises (for you) to do __" where gap, which can be filled with "exercises", is the object of "do". It can also take a subject by adding the subordinator "for", as I've shown. – BillJ Jan 13 '17 at 13:31

Exercises to be done is passive, with no agent expressed or implied: these exercises must be performed but may be performed by anyone.

Exercises to do is active and is parsed as deriving its subject from the recipient: these are exercises are "for you to do", not anybody else.

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