Considering the discussion above, we aim to provide a wrapper construction method ....


Considering the above discussion, we aim to provide a wrapper construction method ....

I know in #2 "above" is used as an adjective, what about #1? what is its role?

Which is more common?


"Above" is an adverb in #1. In your sentences, you are saying that the discussion is above something. However, it is implied that you are referring to wherever your sentence is:

Considering the discussion above (the body of text in which this sentence is located), we aim to provide a wrapper construction method…

(In that example, "above" is being used as a preposition.) Obviously, you would never say that, but that is the meaning you're trying to convey. In response to the question of which is more common, I would say #2. Either is correct, but #2 sounds more formal.

  • 1
    Thanks, but in #2 it appears before a noun, then I guess it is an adjective there.
    – Ahmad
    Jan 16 '17 at 14:55
  • @Ahmad Sorry about that, it actually is being used as an adjective in #2. It is still a preposition in number 1, though. I'll edit my answer. Jan 16 '17 at 15:03
  • I see two roles for it in the dictionary, adverb and adjective, then it may be an adverb in #1, somethings like "here", "there"...., though I am not sure, because as you said it can be used like a preposition to relate two nouns.
    – Ahmad
    Jan 16 '17 at 15:09
  • @Ahmad Hmm. Dictionaries do say that above in #1 is an adverb. Looks like I was incorrect for both sentences! Jan 16 '17 at 15:13

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