Usually in the most of the collages there are two types of written exams:
1) Multiple choices questions - you have just to mark the correct answer that exist already among the options.
2) Questions without choices (in my native language we call them "open questions") - you don't have any choice and therefore you have to write by yourself the whole answer without any clue.
What is the second type ('open questions' in my native language) actually called in English? Is it the same as my language - 'open questions'?
I checked the dictionary in my language and there's no reference to this term.