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There is already a similar question here, but it is about forming questions: Which is the correct question ("Who has" vs "Who have")?

When combining who with you in a statement, which is correct and why?

It is you who has chosen.

It is you who have chosen.

who is third-person singular, so it takes has. you is second-person, so it takes have.

Does the verb to have conjugate with you or who in this sentence? Which one is correct, or can it vary?

  • @Octopus But you don't say You has apples for one person and You have apples for more than one person. You say You have apples for both. – CJ Dennis Jan 20 '17 at 23:47
  • 1
    Yes, my comment was completely inaccurate. Deleting :( – Octopus Jan 20 '17 at 23:50
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It's you who has chosen.

It's you who have chosen.

The former isn't grammatical whereas the latter is OK.

It's a cleft sentence divided into two clauses. The first clause "it's you" is a focussed clause. The verb in the second clause agrees with the subject in the first clause; if the subject is in the singular or plural, the verb in the other clause is used accordingly. But, as the pronoun you, whether in the singular or plural, always takes a plural verb, you must use have, not has, in the sentence presented.

Cambridge Dictionary online

  • It would be really helpful to visitors if you could include a good reference and link (in your answer), that explains what "cleft sentences" are in more detail. – Mari-Lou A Jan 21 '17 at 8:26
  • @Mari-LouA, I always appreciate your valuable comments. I'll give a reference. – Khan Jan 21 '17 at 8:35
  • I asked, in brackets, in the answer. I can find references for myself, but good answers should be self contained. – Mari-Lou A Jan 21 '17 at 8:45
  • @Mari-LouA, you are right. – Khan Jan 25 '17 at 12:34
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I think it depends on the number of people you're talking about. If it is just one person, then use has. If it is more than one person, use have. It all really comes down to this simple rule.

Example #1:

It is you who has broken the law here! Not me!

Example #2:

It is you guys who have broken the law here!. Not me!

  • From what I learnt in school, subject pronoun=antecedent, so if You agrees with have, who must do so. – user178049 Jan 21 '17 at 0:07
  • Right. But the antecedent of "has" and "have" here must be "who". And that "who" depends on "you". And that "you" depends on how many people you've got in mind. For the singular you, it should be one person and for the plural you, it should be a bunch of people. Why is this so difficult to grasp? – Michael Rybkin Jan 21 '17 at 0:10
  • That makes sense, but I'm afraid, because singular and plural you takes the same verb – user178049 Jan 21 '17 at 0:15
  • First of all, "you" is not a subject pronoun in this case, it's an object one. You're conflating two different ideas here. – Michael Rybkin Jan 21 '17 at 2:16
  • "I gave the books to you" / "I gave you the books" = "You were given the books" NOT "You was given..." The pronoun you could be referring to a single person or to a group" but the verb that follows is always plural (unless you happen to speak AAVE). P.S by adding "guys" you're changing the OP's example, You guys have.. is of course grammatical, try saying You guys has... PPS (for visitors) Not my DV – Mari-Lou A Jan 21 '17 at 8:18

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