3

Here is an example sentence from http://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/elation

There's a sense of elation at having completed a race of such length.

Is the part of this sentence “at having completed a race” a gerund working as noun?

Can't I just say “There's a sense of elation at completing a race of such length”?

3

The pattern is known as a perfect participle. It indicates a completed action. So, you use it if you want to express(or emphasize) that the action is completed. And yes, you are right "having completed.." is a gerund clause.

You also use this pattern if you wish to emphasize that one action is before another. Some examples are here

" There's a sense of elation at completing a race of such length" is OK, but you only tell the existence of the sense at completing the race, and you do not emphasize the accomplishment.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.