An "optic" is usually a device for viewing something. For example telescopes have "optics".
In this case, the "optics" of a situation is how the situation looks to people looking at it. In this case they are talking about a very tense political situation, where the appearance of events is almost more important than what actually happens.
Each side is going to be very concerned about how things look, which can sometimes lead to very silly demands from parties involved (e.g. symmetrical seating arrangements so no party looks like they are superior to another). All because the appearance or optics of a political negotiation are important.