Here is a few examples of sentences with "decision being made":

  1. www.bbc.co.uk: PESTEC factors could have an impact on the decision being made, for example ...
  2. www.co-intelligence.org: When I first saw a decision being made without any decision-making I was trapped ...

What piece of grammar is used here?

  • "Decision being made" is a noun phrase with "decision" as head and the gerund-participial clause "being made" as modifier. Some people wrongly call such clause 'reduces relatives, but I'd strongly advise you to avoid that term - it's a misnomer and just nonsense.
    – BillJ
    Jan 28, 2017 at 21:52

1 Answer 1


Both of them are examples of the passive voice, the present continuous tense, and a reduced relative clause.

The passive voice is created by using to be and the past participle of the verb. The verb in this case is to make, so the past participle is "made".

It's the present continuous tense because the form of to be is "is being".

It's a reduced relative clause because you could rewrite them with a relative pronoun and a be verb, like

PESTEC factors could have an impact on the decision being made


PESTEC factors could have an impact on the decision that is being made

But you can leave out the pronoun and be verb (like "that is") because the verb in the relative clause is progressive ("being"); that's what makes it a reduced relative clause.


  • 1
    They are only semantically continuous, not syntactically. The "being" in "being made" is the passive auxiliary, not the continuous one.
    – BillJ
    Jan 29, 2017 at 15:21

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .