Almost at any university that I know, the students have stockpiles of tests that made by other student that already did those exams and all of the questions from exams was restored by them (I mean that they wrote the questions based on their memory because it's forbidden to picture these exams, then the only way to share it with others is by the memory...)

What is the word for that in the English students jargon? My friend told me that it's called "Restorations" but he's not sure about that. In my language dictionaries there is no reference for that meaning.

  • 1
    University where? As an American, I have never come across this concept.
    – Catija
    Commented Jan 31, 2017 at 23:47
  • @Catija I have never heard of the concept either. The closest thing I can relate it to is in the anime community, where people sometimes do their own fan dubs when no one has translated the Japanese into a certain other language. And of course in a wider community there is fan fiction. So maybe we can coin a word for these, fan tests?
    – RichF
    Commented Jan 31, 2017 at 23:52
  • I'm not familiar with a specific term, and have never heard "restorations" used for that. They might be described as "reconstructed" from memory.
    – fixer1234
    Commented Apr 9, 2017 at 20:24

3 Answers 3


This might be a country-specific term. Here in India, the term:

Question bank

is used to refer to such a collection of questions.

Such questions might not only be compiled purely from the memory of those students who attended the tests, they may also be offered by the institution in question (for example, here is the Question Bank offered by Anna University, India).


The questions were recalled by the exam participants and written down afterwards for others.

In this case recalled = remembered.

  • Thank you (I didn't vote down your answer), but I don't understand it. I'm looking for a noun which describes these spesific tests that were recalled. Commented Jan 31, 2017 at 22:24
  • 1
    cheating comes to mind. Exams are owned by universities and professors, so reproducing them is a form of stealing. Peter is correct. Students recall or remember exams and reproduce them and sell them online. They also copy and distribute papers that have been marked and returned. If that is what OP wants, then I cannot help.
    – WRX
    Commented Feb 1, 2017 at 0:25
  • I mean I cannot help because I do not know...
    – WRX
    Commented Feb 1, 2017 at 0:34

Many fraternities, sororities, and other student organizations maintain collections of past graded tests and homework, but there is no specific word for a test that was reconstructed from memory that I am aware of. There may be slang terms not in broad use that I don't know.

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