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Bakers (usually) take small pieces of dough off much bigger dough that they already prepared before starting shaping it in a way they want like spreading or scoring it. I found a picture that might help. In Persian, we call it چانه گرفتن. What's it called in english?

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Assuming the dough has already risen (and is past the final proof):

I would call this the divide and pre-shape step.

It is the step before final shaping. In this step you divide the dough into smaller balls. enter image description here (image from bakerpedia.com)

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Shaping.

tr.v. shaped, shap·ing, shapes
    1. To create or fashion, as:
        a. To give a particular form to (a material): shape the dough into baguettes.
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