Is this correct -

The car costs a staggering 2.5 million.

I'm confused about the use of the indefinite article.

3 Answers 3


I think that the discussion will involve a tangent about word order for adjectives. English has a customary word order for adjectives, discussed elsewhere on the Stack Exchange. All we need to say here is that idiom can require a certain order for adjectives, depending on what one is trying to say.

I believe that all of the following numbered sentences are correct grammatically, and native speakers of English would generally understand them as I explain them. Let’s compare:

  1. The party included four horrifying people.
  2. The party included a horrifying four people.

Sentence 1 means that however many people were at the party, four of them were horrifying: they were racists, or they smelled bad, or something of that nature.

Sentence 2 means that the total number of people at the party was four, and that is a horrifying number. It does not comment on the guests themselves; the guests may have been perfectly nice, for all we know.

It seems to me that idiomatically, the construction you’re asking about is the way we express a judgment about an amount. As a matter of idiom (rather than clear logic) we express that judgment by leaving the description of quantity next to the noun, and putting the judgment in front with an article.

  1. The concert lasted for 25 disappointing minutes.
  2. The concert lasted for a disappointing 25 minutes.

Sentence 3 means that each minute of those 25 minutes was disappointing. The music proceeded for one minute, and the audience thought “That was lousy.” Then it proceeded for a second minute, and the audience thought “That was lousy too.”

Sentence 4 does not mean that. The word “disappointing” does not describe the minutes. It describes the idea of 25 minutes. Each minute may have been great, with the audience hoping for two more hours. But then it ended, and the audience said “Hey, that was only 25 minutes!”

They were 25 great minutes, but still a disappointing 25 minutes.

So, to bring it home:

  1. The car costs 2.5 million staggering dollars.
  2. The car costs a staggering 2.5 million dollars.

Sentence 5 means that each dollar was staggering. The buyer plunked down the first dollar, and the seller said "Whoah! That one's green. Where'd you get that?" The buyer plunked down the second one: "Oh man, that one's green too!" And so on, 2,499,998 more times. That would be grammatical, but it might not be what's intended here.

Sentence 6 means that the amount is what's staggering, not (perhaps) each dollar considered separately.

  • This was a great answer with a score of 1. Scores are even less meaningful on E.L.L. than on the rest of the Stack Exchange.
    – Chaim
    Commented Nov 10, 2020 at 23:05

"The car costs a staggering 2.5 million" is correct. See below a similar example sentence from the Cambridge Dictionary describing the word 'staggering'.


adjective UK ​ /ˈstæɡ.ər.ɪŋ/ us ​ /ˈstæɡ.ɚ.ɪŋ/

very shocking and surprising:

It costs a staggering $50,000 per week to keep the museum open to the public.

There should be an article or determiner before an adjective + noun construction.


It is an expensive car. NOT It is expensive car.

The car costs a large amount. NOT The car costs large amount.

  • 1
    The car costs a big amount is not idiomatic. Commented Feb 9, 2017 at 13:06
  • 1
    @Clare, Would you explain? Commented Feb 9, 2017 at 14:30
  • 1
    See books.google.com/ngrams/… Commented Feb 9, 2017 at 21:32
  • 1
    But I think that the original point was that her example would require no article if not for the adjective ("The car costs $2.5 million," not "The car costs a $2.5 million") while your example requires an article in any case ("The car costs a large amount" or "The car costs an amount," but not "The car costs large amount" or "The car costs amount.")
    – Chaim
    Commented Nov 21, 2017 at 15:37
  • It doesn't seem right to say that "there should be an article… before an adjective + noun construction." Are these wrong? He likes blue shirts; I eat spicy food.
    – Chaim
    Commented Nov 21, 2017 at 15:43

The X means the speaker is expecting the listener to know which specific X he/she is talking about, either from previous conversation, context, or shared experience/common knowledge.

It can also be used if the speaker is about to explain or qualify which specific X is important.

The car costs a staggering 2.5 million.

Is there a pile of 2.5 million dollars that you and the speaker were just talking about? If not, then the indefinite article is used.

Extremely contrived conversation that I hope illustrates:

A: What do you have in the suitcase there, friend?

B: A bunch of money that totals 2.5 million dollars. (A and B weren't talking about any "bunch of money" before - a is used.)

A: I see.

B: I would like to buy that car over there.

A: It will cost the 2.5 million dollars that you have there. (Talking about the "2.5 million dollars" B mentioned earlier - the is used.)

B: Perfect.

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