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So large a head and so large a number, both singular, are possible, but is so large people also possible, or does this construction not work for plurals, (meaning only such large people is correct)?

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    That construction doesn't work for plurals, because they don't use indefinite articles. Such is normally used for nouns: Such a large head, such large heads, such colorful flooring/azaleas, etc. So is for adjectives, normally only as predicates: So beautiful, so hot, so pregnant, but the special construction allows the so large part to appear before an indefinite noun phrase a head; it's an idiom. So large a head means the same thing as such a large head. And both of them can refer to a complement clause -- so large a head/such a large head that he can't find a hat to fit. – John Lawler Feb 4 '17 at 19:15
  • "So large a people" is possible. The primary meaning is an ethnic group or nation with a large population. "So large a person" is also possible. Besides size, it also is frequently used to express a person, usually in politics, who has accomplished much and is well known, in a positive sense. – Craig Hicks Feb 4 '17 at 19:38
  • Related: If I can say “not that good a review,” does that mean I can say “not that good reviews”? As John Lawler said, most people only find these kinds of constructions acceptable if there is an indefinite article "a" or "an", and since this can only occur before singular nouns, it is not possible to use a plural noun. – sumelic Feb 5 '17 at 0:19
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In a comment, John Lawler wrote:

That construction doesn't work for plurals, because they don't use indefinite articles. Such is normally used for nouns: Such a large head, such large heads, such colorful flooring/azaleas, etc. So is for adjectives, normally only as predicates: So beautiful, so hot, so pregnant, but the special construction allows the so large part to appear before an indefinite noun phrase a head; it's an idiom. So large a head means the same thing as such a large head. And both of them can refer to a complement clause -- so large a head/such a large head that he can't find a hat to fit.

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