1

I think that "I leave her" could have two meanings:

  1. I cause her to leave.
  2. I cause her to be left.

I think that sentence #1 is less common, but a valid interpretation. Am I correct?

  • 2
    I leave her cannot be used to mean "I cause her to leave". I leave her X means I cause her to have X after I depart (typically after my death, in my will). – StoneyB Feb 14 '17 at 16:24
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Leave X means:

  • you are going away from X,

  • you are not taking X with you if X is an object.

  • if X is not specified it defaults to "where I'm at currently" - omitting X never refers to an object (you would have to say leave it).

Leave X Y (or leave Y to/for X) means:

  • you are going away from Y,

  • you are not taking Y with you (if Y is a place you have to say at Y or in Y),

  • you are expecting X to take Y if Y is an object - if not at the moment you leave Y, sometime later when it is convenient or possible for X.

Leave never means make or cause someone to leave.

1

It doesn't really have two meanings, just two variations of the same meaning.

I left the bookstore (= I walked out of the bookstore)

I left her by the bookstore (= I walked away from her)

I left the book in the store (= I walked away from the book)

In each case, I am the one doing the action, not the object or person. I think you may be confusing this with the passive voice "to be left"

She was left by the bookstore (= she stayed while someone else walked away)

The book was left in the store (= the book stayed while someone left)

If you want to indicate that she left, unwillingly, then you would say something like.

I made her leave the bookstore.

I made her leave me by the bookstore.

I made her leave the book in the store.

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