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why is ing-verb used in the sentences below?

1- President x said on Tuesday that there is an abundant opportunity for investment in the energy sector, noting we can fulfill a part of Europe’s energy needs.

2- He announced his decision on Saturday in a letter to senior members of his Cambodia National Rescue Party that was published on social media, saying he was standing aside "for the sake of the party".

Can we write says and notes instead of saying and noting? Or can we write "by noting and by saying ?

  • These present participles act as modifiers. They're called absolutes, and they can be considered to modify the subject, the verb, or the entire main clause. Finite verbs (i.e., those that carry tense like says, the present tense of to say), can't take that role. Such participles can act as objects, including object of prepositions. That doesn't mean that the change would be idiomatic in your examples. – deadrat Feb 15 '17 at 8:36
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    To put it more simply, it's a standard way of saying that someone made a speech/wrote a letter and while doing so made a particular point. You could say "He got ready to go outside, putting on a fur hat because the wind was cold". – Kate Bunting Feb 15 '17 at 9:24
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1-President x said on Tuesday that there is an abundant opportunity for investment in the energy sector, noting we can fulfill a part of Europe’s energy needs.

Noting is a participle which modifies the clause "we can fulfill a part of Europe’s energy needs."

2-He announced his decision on Saturday in a letter to senior members of his Cambodia National Rescue Party that was published on social media, saying he was standing aside "for the sake of the party".

Saying performs the same function that *noting *does in the first sentence , modifying. "he was standing aside 'for the sake of the party'."

Notes and says are verbs,and, cannot be exchanged for the participles. They could be used by adding a conjunction and using the tense of the first clause for time agreement:

1-President x said on Tuesday that there is an abundant opportunity for investment in the energy sector, and noted we can fulfill a part of Europe’s energy needs.
2-He announced his decision on Saturday in a letter to senior members of his Cambodia National Rescue Party that was published on social media, and said he was standing aside "for the sake of the party".

It would not be correct to use "by noting" or"by saying", as that would mean that the action in the first clause was accomplished by the action in the second clause. That would not be the case, completely, in either sentence..

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