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The simple present is used to make statements about events at a time later than now, when the statements are based on present facts, and when these facts are something fixed like a time-table, schedule, calendar. Education First

Firstly, What "when the statements are based on present facts" does mean?

Secondly, Is the following sentence follow the above rules? or isn't it grammatically correct?

I start my course at university next month.

or should I say:

I will start my course ...

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Let's start with the easy question: Yes, your sentence is grammatically correct and follows the rules.

Now, as for "based on present facts" – it may be easiest to explain that by giving an example where that's not true. For instance:

I will start my course at university next month if I get accepted into the program.

If my loan gets approved, then I'll start my course at university next month.

I would have started my course next month had I been able to find housing in the city.

These examples are based on conditions, not simple facts, so we cannot use the the simple present.

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