What is the part of speech of going in the following sentences?
- I hate going shopping.
- Do you like going sightseeing when you are on holiday?
All words belong to categories called word classes (or parts of speech) according to the part they play in a sentence.
The main word classes ...: Noun, Verb, Adjective, Adverb, Pronoun, Preposition, Conjunction, Determiner and Exclamation
I have some understanding of gerund and participle, but I don't know what they are exactly
anyway, each part of speech has some rules you can apply on it. so if I can determine what is the part of speech of the word then I can know how to use the rules.
as example, if the word "going" in the above sentence is verb, so I can change the tense of the statement by changing it. In the other hand, if it is noun so I can use adjectives with it ... and so on.
Assume it is Noun (compound noun), so I can add adjective to it as following:
I hate virtual going shopping.
Assume it is verb, so it should be continuous tense and continuous tenses need auxiliary verb (be). So I will assume that auxiliary verb is omitted. and I can change it to other tense as following.
I hate (I am) going shopping (now). >> I hate I was going shopping and ... .
Note: maybe the examples and assumptions are wrong, and I have misunderstanding of some topics of English grammar, but I'm trying to find point that I can start from it.