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I know that the verb "to insist" has to be followed by a subjunctive in sentences like "I insist that he do it.". However, I do not know if the noun "insistence" behave in the same way. I am not sure which of the two choices listed below is the correct one.

1) His continuous insistence, to see the new apparatus, was quite annoying.

2) His continuous insistence, that he see the new apparatus, was quite annoying.

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    One frequently insists on something, and in the examples above I'd opt for his continuous insistence on seeing... as the most idiomatic construction. But if I had to choose between your examples, I'd choose the second. – Ronald Sole Mar 7 '17 at 14:01
  • So, "on seeing" is the correct version. – Robert Werner Mar 7 '17 at 14:04
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    Initial point: I would replace "continuous" with "continued" or "continual" Yes, the noun "insistence" can take subjunctive clausal complements. Your example 1) is not a subjunctive though, since "see" is part of the to- infinitival, not the subjunctive infinitival. Ex 2) is a genuine subjunctive and is fine. – BillJ Mar 7 '17 at 16:20
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The sentence #1 isn't grammatical. You don't use a to-infinitive after insist/insistence. You insist on something/doing something. So the sentence should be as follows:

His continuous insistence on seeing the new apparatus was quite annoying.

The sentence #2 as follows is correct:

His continuous insistence that he see the new apparatus was quite annoying.

In BrE, you can also say:

His continuous insistence that he should see the new apparatus was quite anoying.

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Both of your sentences are correct and would be understood to have the same meaning

His continuous insistence, to see the new apparatus, was quite annoying.
His continuous insistence, that he see the new apparatus, was quite annoying.

You could also use

His continual insistence

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