From denotes a direction and modifies the verb.
Within means locality and modifies the object.
Basically, the combination of "from" and "within" together is redundant here, because "from" can subsume "within" or "arise" can subsume "from", but repetition is a valid stylistic choice to clarify details or just to add emphasis.
The reason this double preposition might seem wrong to you is that often enough a combined single preposition might seem more natural. Hence formations like into, onto, roundabout ... and plain omission in go home (where home is an adverbial object) instead of "go to home".
Compare from outside vs outside double preposition and the debatable get off of that horse e.g. The former suggests arise within you being more common.