An assertion in a passive voice:

He is worried

My question is about:

What are you worried about?

I don't understand the difference between "What do you worry about?" and "What are you worried about?" I understand that worried can't pertain to passive voice because the verb 'worry' is intransitive

Actually, according to Oxford the verb 'worry' can be as transitive as intransitive. And there are a lot of examples with the similar structure (she is worried about)

I found a list of never passive verbs and worry is not on it.

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    No, worry is intransitive here.It doesn't correspond with a passive construction. – user178049 Mar 21 '17 at 11:31
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    Actually, I would say that "worried" is acting as a (participial) adjective here, not a verb. What do you think, @user178049? I would add that the verb is "be" in the form of "is." – Teacher KSHuang Mar 21 '17 at 11:50
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    Meanwhile, if you are asking for the question to the sentence, "He is worried, then the question would be: How is he? "What are you worried about?" and "What is he worried about?" would be the follow-up questions. – Teacher KSHuang Mar 21 '17 at 11:50
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    @TeacherKSHuang That makes sense, but believe that it's uncommon. It doesn't fluent to me. I would say "what do you worry about?". Anyway, if it were a particial adjective, then it's not passive, Max :) – user178049 Mar 21 '17 at 12:05
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    "He is worried" is a complex intransitive clause (S-P-PC): "is" is the verb and "worried" an adjective. Note that "worried" can be modified by "very", as in "He is very worried". – BillJ Mar 21 '17 at 14:35

What do you worry about?

This has a more general feel to it. It could be limited to a certain context (e.g., "What do you worry about at work?"), but it still is ongoing in nature.

What are you worrying about?

This is much more about the present context. "You look worried. What are you worrying about?"

There is also:

What are you worried about?

To me, this is much closer to the second one than the first, and even further along a spectrum of specificity with regards to time. Where the second one is about now, but also stretches back in time a bit, this last one is much more about now, suddenly.

At least, this is what these phrases evoke for me without context. They can always be modified: "What are you worrying about nowadays?" "What are you worried about today?"

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    Glad to help :) – Kev Mar 22 '17 at 9:40

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