What part of speech is 'loved' here? I think it is adverb.

Adverbs help us to know the: when, where, why, how, and to what degree.

In this sentence, the loved asks the question, How did he feel? He feel loved.

The loved modifies the verb feel.

Dictionary says loved is an adjective.

I know lovelily is an adverb. But in the context above, what is loved?

I look forward to your answers.

  • 1
    It's not an adverb. Adverbs function as optional modifiers, but "loved" is obligatory here for this sense of "feel". So it can only be a complement, either an adjective or a verb in a passive clause. In fact it's ambiguous between a verbal passive in which case "loved" is a past participle verb (cf. I feel loved by everyone) and a complex-intransitive clause in which case "loved" is an adjective. There's no difference between "feel" and "be".
    – BillJ
    Commented Mar 23, 2017 at 13:29
  • Oh, you're right! Thanks. 'Feel' acts more like a linking verb, therefore making 'loved' to be a complement here. @BillJ Commented Mar 23, 2017 at 13:30

1 Answer 1


A predicative Complement is a Complement of a verb that describes the Subject or Object of that verb.

  • Bob is a doctor.
  • Bob is happy.

In the sentences above, the phrases a doctor and happy are Predicative Complements, because they describe the Subject, Bob.

The verb FEEL also takes Predicative Complements:

  • I feel hot.
  • I feel an idiot.

Adverbs cannot function as Predicative Complements:

  • *He is happily. (ungrammatical)
  • *I feel hotly. (ungrammatical)

The verb feel usually takes adjectives as Predicative Complements.

The Original Poster's example

I feel loved.

The word loved cannot be an adverb in the Original Poster's example because it is appearing as a Predicative Complement of the verb FEEL. It looks quite a lot like a verb. However, we can show that it is not a verb in the following sentence where we use the word very to modify it. We cannot use very with verbs:

  • I feel very loved.
  • *I very love you. (ungrammatical)

The word loved is an adjective here.

However, loved could be a verb in this sentence where it appears with a by preposition phrase:

  • I feel loved by my parents.

The word loved could be either a verb or an adjective in the Original example.

  • That was awesome! Thanks. I get it now. @Araucaria Commented Mar 23, 2017 at 17:15

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