Certainly we will, said Glaucon; and in a few minutes Polemarchus appeared, and with him Adeimantus, Glaucon's brother, Niceratus the son of Nicias, and several others who had been at the procession. - The Republic of Plato
It's difficult to read.
Q1. Whom does the pronoun "him" refer to in the first sentence?
2) Adeimantus: According to appostion (him Adeimantus).
3) Who else?
Q2. I know there should be at least one verb after conjunction 'add' when it is used to start a new sentence or clause that continues or adds to a previous sentence or clause., but there isn't any verb after "and" in this sentence. Is it okay?
Q3. What is the grammar of "and with him Adeimantus"? The form is noun after noun (him Adeimantus) but it doesn't look like apposition. Because I think the pronoun "him" refers to Polemarchus.
Q4. What on earth the meaning of "and with him Adeimantus, Glaucon's brother, Niceratus the son of Nicias, and several others who had been at the procession."
1) Polemarchus appeared with Adeimantus, Glaucon's brother, Niceratus and others. : I just presumed. I have no idea about grammatical problems.
2) What else?